Trafficking in Persons Report 2014 on Georgia
Georgia is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically the forced prostitution of women and the forced labor of men , women, and children’, says the Trafficking in Persons Report 2014 posted on the official website of the US Department of State.
According to the report, women and girls from Georgia are subjected to sex trafficking within the country, as well as in Turkey, and, to a lesser extent, the United Arab Emirates and Russia. ‘’Women from Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and other countries are subjected to forced prostitution in Georgia’s commercial sex trade in the tourist areas of Batumi and Gonio in Adjara province. In May 2013, an Uzbek sex trafficking victim was murdered in western Georgia by a man believed to be acting on behalf of her trafficker. Experts report that women are subjected to sex trafficking in saunas, strip clubs, casinos, and hotels. Georgian men and women are subjected to forced labor within Georgia, and in Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Italy, Qatar, Sweden, and other countries. Georgian migrants pursuing employment in agriculture and other low-skilled jobs contact employers or agents directly, only later becoming victims in their destination country. In recent years, foreign nationals have been exploited in agriculture, construction, and domestic service within Georgia. Some street children may be subjected to forced begging or coerced into criminality. Georgia is a transit country for trafficking victims from Central Asia to Turkey. No information was available about the presence of human trafficking in the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia’’, the report says.
According to the report, the Government of Georgia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. ‘’Georgia’s anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts remained low, but improved compared with the previous reporting period: the five convictions under Article 143 are an improvement compared with none in 2012 and one conviction in 2010, but still are lower than previous years. Some experts cited a decline of political will since 2010’’, the report says.
According to the report, the Government of Georgia sustained efforts to identify and protect trafficking victims, but there were deficiencies in the protection of children subjected to forced begging, and women and girls subjected to sex trafficking. ‘’The government identified 42 sex trafficking victims during the reporting period; this was an increase from 18 victims identified the previous reporting period. No victims of forced labor were identified within Georgia. The low level of victim identification of children in exploitative situations on the street, foreign women in the commercial sex trade, and Georgian and foreign workers in vulnerable labor sectors concerned experts’’, the report says.