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Toma Chagelishvili

Toma Chageishvili began working on the documentary program "Georgia - Modern History" in January 2001 in Rustavi 2 Broadcasting Company. 24 documentaries have been shot since then. Director of the documentaries - Demna Japaridze, journalist - Zaza Jgharkava.

High production documentary films gives the audience in depth look at the most interesting periods of Georgian modern history. Combining dramatic storyline and historical research, and using unique material including secret documents, rare photographs, seldom seen archival and TV footage, the films explore the most remarkable personas and striking events.

The audience witnesses the most interesting and dramatic episodes of Georgian history.

"Assassination of Ilia Chavchavadze", "Georgians in the World War II", "Georgians in Kremlin", "Capital Punishment", "Closed Circle(Tbilisi War)", "Last Days of Zviad Gamsakhurdia's Life", "Abkazian Trap", - this is only a small list of the documentaries produced and broadcasted by Rustavi 2 Broadcasting Company.

Toma Chagelishvili’s new documentary trilogy Freedom in the Quest of Independence includes: On the Verge of Choice, Gangster Georgia and The Last Day of Sokhumi.

On the Verge of Choice. 1989, after seventy years of terrifying the whole world, Soviet Union collapsed. A new epoch began in Georgia. The whole country prepared for the fight for independence and freedom. Lots of previously unknown people headed this movement. They have gained respect, trust and love of the Georgian nation. History has brought them to make the 200 years old dream of the nation come true…

Gangster Georgia. 90ies of the twentieth century, Georgia is divided into districts brotherhood. Murders and skirmishes, hunger and gang rules. The mortal fight for the power reaches its culmination. One by one the main characters are disappearing from the arena. On 29th of August, 1995 came Eduard Shevardnadze’s turn…

The Last Day of Sokhumi. Surrounded Sokhumi and caught into a trap peaceful population. Unarmed ethnic Georgians vs. Abkhaz, Russian and Northern Caucasusian fighters. Fight for Power and abandoned Abkhazia. Toma Chagelishvili’s documentary will answer the question: Why did Sokhumi fall? Was it a treason? Why did not Ochamchire front with at least five thousand fully equipped soldiers help the surrounded town?

On the Verge of Choice
Gangster Georgia
Last Day of Sokhumi


Eduard Shevarnadze

Childhood, youth, his career advancement beginning from the Interior Minister, then the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Soviet Georgia, and finally the USSR Minister of Foreign Affairs rank. Problems of Soviet Union, the Cold War, intrigues inside the Communist Party and fight for power preservation - Shevarnadze participated in all of these affairs. video clip

Closed Circle (Tbilisi War)

On January 6, 1992, riotous groups instigated a coup to overthrow Zviad Gamsakhuria's government. The successful coup that entailed an armed conflict in Tbilisi, forced Gamsakhurdia to seek asylum in the Russian Republic of Chechnia. Why did they overthrow Gamsakhurdia, who was a crucial figure to contribute to the declaration of Georgia's independence? Closely following the course of the war, the film is an attempt to investigate those actual reasons and underlying forces that gave rise to the war in Tbilisi. 99 min. video clip

Abkazian Trap

More than three thousand Abkazians and six thousand Georgians dead, more than 27 thousand refugees - these are the aftermaths of the 1992-93 Georgian- Abkazian conflict. The film tells about the genocide of Georgians in the Abkazian war, about political schemes and people who stood behind them, and ordinary people who suffered from it. video clip

After 1921 (1x67)

The documentary, dealing with the struggle of Georgia for independence after 1921 and the 1924 uprising against the Soviet Russia. On 25 February 1921, Russian Red Army troops marched into Georgia and bringing the end to the national independence. In 1922, an uprising against the Bolsheviks is raised in Georgia; the uprising is suppressed but a new one is being prepared. The ''Extraordinary Commission'' reveals the initiative group of the uprising and sentences 15 men ? the elite layer of Georgian society to shooting. In spite of this the legitimate Georgian government being in Paris, in exile, sends new leaders for an uprising. The uprising begins in 1924, but is also defeated. Unique sequences depicting this period of Georgian history are used in the film. The Bolsheviks resort to repressive measures resulting in mass shooting of population. In one of the provinces of Georgia, up to a hundred convicts are shot by machine-gun bursts in a rail car. The uprising participant Mironis Tsintsadze takes a shelter in the woods; the Extraordinary Commission is trying to make his bride to betray her man. As Tamar, the bride, refuses, she is deported to Siberia. It is a real history of love having tragically ended because of the aspiration for motherland's liberty. video clip

Georgians in the World War II

Georgia, one of the republics of the USSR, fought against fascism during World War II. More than 300 000 from 700 000 soldiers sent from Georgia got lost during the war. Part of the Georgian ex-government, immigrated in France in 1921, supported the Germany military forces. They did not share the fascism idoelogy, but they hoped that Germany would recognize Georgia as an independent country after the Soviet Union was defeated. One of these emmigrants - General of the German intelligence Service Shalva Maghlakelidze. At the end of the war he was kidnapped from Berlin and sent to Georgia by Soviet Security Service. Though he was not imprisoned, he was never allowed to return to the Europe, where his family lived. video clip

The First Republic

Following Russian Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, Georgia, previously a part of the Russian Empire, declared independence. The film covers the 3-year-long period of Georgian statehood that was marked with a constant struggle for maintenance of independence. In 1921, under the initiative of Lenin and Stalin Soviet Army invaded Georgia and annexed its territory. The film provides material which was classified as top secret in Soviet archives and was unavailable for the public during the years of the Soviet rule. 58 min. video clip

From April 9 to April 9

The film is about national liberation movement in Georgia. It investigates the period from April 9,1989 to the collapse of the communist regime and declaration of independence in 1999. 74 min. video clip

Assassination of Ilia Chavchavadze

This film takes a close look at assasination of Ilia chavchavadze, the 19th century leader of the national liberation movement in Georgia. In 1907 he was murdered by terrorists from Social-Democratic party of Russia. The film investigates details of the assassination and reveals how the Soviet authority tried to put the blame on special sirvices of Russian empire. 72 min. video clip

Last Days of Zviad Gamsakhurdia's Life (1x57)

The documentary, dealing with the Civil War taking place in Georgia in 1993-93 and with the last days of life of the first president of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia. On 6 January 1992, the opposition by force of arms made Zviad Gamsakhurdia to leave Georgia for Chechnya. On 24 September 1993, he returns to Georgia with a view to regain power. At that time Eduard Shevardnadze is governing the country. The state is involved in internal conflicts. The authority fights against Abkhazian separatist for preserving the territorial integrity. Gamsakhurdia's arrival in Georgia is followed by a defeat of Georgian authority in Abkhazia, the second stage of the Civil War, the opposition between supporters of Shevardnadze and Gamsakhurdia commences. Unique sequences of the Abkhazian and Civil wars are used. The defeated Gamsakhurdia with a small number of supporters takes shelter in the woods, staying there for two months under hard conditions. All abandon him except for three persons. On 31 December 1993, Gamsakhurdia perishes. According to one version, he committed suicide. Through efforts of Jokhar Dudaev, president of Chechnya, Gamsakhurdia is buried in Grozny, the capital of Chechnya. Rare sequences depicting Gamsakhurdia's burial are used... video clip

Political Dissidents of the 1970-ies

What methods did the Soviet State Security Committee apply against the freedom of speech? Take a look at the facts dealing with national liberation movement in Georgia. See how people openly opposing the regime and fighting for freedom of speech were persecuted and arrested continually. The film contains rare shots made by the Security Committee. In this film former political prisoners recall the years spent in jails of the Soviet Security Services. 72 min. video clip

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